UK 1841 Census


Overview

Wikipedia states

"The United Kingdom Census of 1841 recorded the occupants of every UK household on the night of 6 June, 1841. It was described as the "first modern census" in that it was the first to record information about every member of the household and because it was administered as a single event, under central control, rather than being devolved to a local level. It formed the model for all subsequent UK censuses, although each went on to refine and expand the questions asked of householders.

It was important for early demographic analysis of the UK population and remains of interest to historians, demographers and genealogists, although the information about each person is quite limited compared with that available from later censuses."

Unfortunately there are several limitations in the data collected.

Ages were meant to be recorded as the number of years for people aged less than 10, and for people aged above 10 the age was to be recorded rounded down to the lower 5 years.  In practice this has made it more difficult for family historians to identify individuals because calculated years of birth for individuals do not necessarily match those projected from the records of later censuses.

The lack of marital status, together with no indication of the relationships between people living in the same household, complicates the issue of determining family composition with certainty. Similarly, we are unable to accurately determine who or how many people were not born with the Tuppen surname, but married into the family.  Identifiers such as wife, widow, son, lodger, etc would be very useful !

Precise places of birth are not given, they are merely recorded as being "in the county" where they were residing (with no town, village etc indicated) or "not in the county" (with no indication of which county or even country they were born in).

I have searched the UK 1841 Census records from a variety of sources, mainly Ancestry and FindMyPast, but also FamilySearch, FreeReg, ukcensusonline.  Transcribing old, hand-written records is a difficult task and has resulted in some records being consistent between various sites and there being differences in other records.  I have compared the data, looked at the originals and come to my own conclusions about what is most likely.  I have collated the available data into a spreadsheet and constructed families where the information seems reliable enough to do so.

Data

I have identified 123 Tuppen individuals.  104 of these have been allocated to 26 families and 19 are people living separately from any identifiable family members (eg working away on farms or as servants, at a school as a pupil or teacher).  All of these people are listed in the spreadsheet below.

There are others out there !  I know that I have been unable to find several people who I would expect to have been recorded.  I'm probably just looking in the wrong places (or under the wrong names).

Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions.

1841 Census Data

Analysis

I have conducted some fairly basic analysis of the data to to show the composition of the Tuppen populace from a number of different perspectives.  Tables and graphs illustrating these are shown below.

Gender Split

Ages (est due 1841 methodology)

The age range of Tuppens recorded is from 4 months to 69 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Location By County

The entire Tuppen population counted at the 1841 Census lived in the south of the country. Sussex was home to 67% of the Tuppens in this Census. A further 17% resided in Surrey, while another 7% lived in Middlesex/London.  The remaining 9% were found in only 4 counties, Wiltshire, Herefordshire, Kent and Berkshire.  The table below provides the detailed numbers.

COUNTY NUMBER COMMENTS
TOTAL 123
Sussex 82 16 families
11 individuals
Surrey 21 5 families
3 individuals
Middlesex 9 3 families
2 individuals
Wiltshire 5 1 family
Herefordshire 3 woman and 2 children
Kent 2 1 pupil at school
1 individual
Berkshire 1 school mistress

 

Location By Town

 

 

 

Occupation

Less than one half of all individuals have an occupation recorded.  Many of the others are wives (presumably busily engaged in "home duties" or children, either at school or too young for that.